SIMPLE PAST

A. DENGAN VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I/you/we/they + V2
She/he/it + V2
I/you/we/they liked meat
She/he/it liked meat
(-) I/you/we/they + did + not + V1
She/he/it + did + not + V1
I/you/we/they did not like meat
She/he/it did not like meat
(?) Did + I/you/we/they + V1?
Did + she/he/it + V1?
– Yes, she/he/it + did
– No, she/he/it + did + not
Did I/you/we/they like meat?
Did she/he/it like meat?
– Yes, she/he/it did
– No, she/he/it didn’t

Keterangan:

  1. Dalam kalimat positif, semua subjek + V2
  2. Dalam bahasa Inggris, V2 bentuknya ada yang beraturan (regular) dan tidak beraturan (irregular).
  3. Regular verbs: V1 + d/ed

    look = looked
    bake = baked
    visit = visited
    correct = corrected
    deliver = delivered
    fund = funded
  4. Irregular verbs: lihat kamus atau LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS

    put = put
    write = wrote
    come = came
    go = went
    have = had
    make = made
  1. Dalam kalimat negatif, semua verb kembali ke V1.
  2. Did + not = didn’t

 


B. TANPA VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) You/we/they + were + pelengkap
I/she/he/it + was + pelengkap
You/we/they were thin
I/she/he/it was thin
(-) You/we/they + were + not + pelengkap
I/she/he/it + was + not + pelengkap
You/we/they were not thin
I/she/he/it was not thin
(?) Were + you/we/they + pelengkap?
Was + I/she/he/it + pelengkap?
– Yes, I/she/he/it + were
– No, I/she/he/it + was + not
Were you/we/they thin?
Was I/she/he/it thin?
– Yes, I/she/he/it was
– No, I/she/he/it wasn’t

Keterangan:

  1. Pronoun “I” menggunakan was dalam pola ini, sejajar dengan she/he/it.
  2. Was + not = wasn’t
  3. Were + not = weren’t

 


C. FUNGSI SIMPLE PAST

  1. Untuk menyatakan kejadian di masa lampau yang waktunya jelas
    yesterday
    five minutes ago
    an hour ago
    three days ago
    last night
    last week
    last month
    last year
    this morning
    in 2010

    Contoh:

    Last year, I traveled to Japan.
  2. Untuk menyatakan kebiasaan di masa lampau (used to)
    Contoh:

    He used to call me last week.

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