Pengertian, Rumus, Fungsi, dan Contoh Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present perfect continuous tense, atau dikenal juga sebagai present perfect progressive tense, adalah salah satu dari tenses dalam bahasa Inggris yang bisa dikatakan jarang digunakan. Hal ini karena tense ini merujuk pada masa sekarang dan mengungkapkan segala kejadian yang sudah berlangsung sejak dulu hingga sekarang. Berikut akan dipaparkan pengertian, rumus, fungsi, dan contoh present perfect continuous tense.

Pengertian Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present perfect continuous tense adalah bentuk tense yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian yang telah dilakukan dari dulu sampai saat ini (perfect continuous). Sehingga apapun yang kita lakukan yang dimulai sejak dulu dan sampai sekarang masih berlanjut dapat diungkapkan dengan tense ini. Demikian pula dengan keadaan atau kondisi kita, seperti:

I have been working as a finance consultant for the company.
The machine has been runing since 6 am.
I have been off from work for three days.

Rumus Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present perfect continuous tense memiliki dua rumus. Yang pertama disebut verbal dan dipakai ketika terdapat verb (kata kerja), sementara yang kedua disebut nominal dan digunakan tatkala tidak terdapat verb. Sebagai gantinya, be (been) perlu ditambahkan di rumus kedua ini.

A. Dengan verb (verbal)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I/you/we/they + have + been + V-ing
She/he/it + has + been + been + V-ing
I/you/we/they have been leaving
She/he/it has been leaving
(-) I/you/we/they + have + not + been + V-ing
She/he/it + has + not + been + V-ing
I/you/we/they have not been leaving
She/he/it has not been leaving
(?) Have + I/you/we/they + been + V-ing?
Has + she/he/it + been + V-ing?
– Yes, she/he/it + has
– No, she/he/it + has + not
Have I/you/we/they been leaving?
Has she/he/it been leaving?
– Yes, she/he/it has
– No, she/he/it hasn’t

B. Tanpa verb (nominal)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I/you/we/they + have + been + pel*
She/he/it + has + been + pel
I/you/we/they have been away
She/he/it has been away
(-) I/you/we/they + have + been + pel
She/he/it + has + been + pel
I/you/we/they have not been away
She/he/it has not been away
(?) Have + I/you/we/they + been + pel?
Has + she/he/it + been + pel?
– Yes, she/he/it + has
– No, she/he/it + has + not
Have I/you/we/they been away?
Has she/he/it been away?
– Yes, she/he/it has
– No, she/he/it hasn’t

* Pel: pelengkap (adj, n, adv)


Fungsi dan Contoh Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Secara garis besar, fungsi present perfect continuous tense dalam bahasa Inggris adalah sebagai:

  1. Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang terjadi dari dulu sampai sekarang

    Contoh:

    She has been waiting for you all day.
    (Dia sudah menunggumu seharian penuh.)
    Keterangan: masih menunggu
  2. Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang baru saja selesai dan dampaknya masih bisa dirasakan

    Contoh:

    It’s been raining.
    (Baru saja hujan.)
    Keterangan: jalanan dan pepohonan masih basah

Daftar Materi di English Tenses

  1. SIMPLE PRESENT
  2. PRESENT CONTINUOUS
  3. PRESENT PERFECT
  4. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  5. SIMPLE PAST
  6. PAST CONTINUOUS
  7. PAST PERFECT
  8. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  9. SIMPLE FUTURE
  10. FUTURE CONTINUOUS
  11. FUTURE PERFECT
  12. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  13. SIMPLE PAST FUTURE
  14. PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS
  15. PAST FUTURE PERFECT
  16. PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS

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