PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

A. DENGAN VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I/you/we/they + have + been + V-ing
She/he/it + has + been + been + V-ing
I/you/we/they have been leaving
She/he/it has been leaving
(-) I/you/we/they + have + not + been + V-ing
She/he/it + has + not + been + V-ing
I/you/we/they have not been leaving
She/he/it has not been leaving
(?) Have + I/you/we/they + been + V-ing?
Has + she/he/it + been + V-ing?
– Yes, she/he/it + has
– No, she/he/it + has + not
Have I/you/we/they been leaving?
Has she/he/it been leaving?
– Yes, she/he/it has
– No, she/he/it hasn’t

 


B. TANPA VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I/you/we/they + have + been + pel*
She/he/it + has + been + pel
I/you/we/they have been away
She/he/it has been away
(-) I/you/we/they + have + been + pel
She/he/it + has + been + pel
I/you/we/they have not been away
She/he/it has not been away
(?) Have + I/you/we/they + been + pel?
Has + she/he/it + been + pel?
– Yes, she/he/it + has
– No, she/he/it + has + not
Have I/you/we/they been away?
Has she/he/it been away?
– Yes, she/he/it has
– No, she/he/it hasn’t

* Pel: pelengkap (adj, n, adv)

 


C. FUNGSI PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

  1. Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang terjadi dari dulu sampai sekarang
    Contoh:

    She has been waiting for you all day. (masih menunggu sampai sekarang)
  2. Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang baru saja selesai dan dampaknya masih bisa dirasakan
    Contoh:

    It’s been raining. (jalanan masih basah)

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