SIMPLE FUTURE

A. DENGAN VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I/you/we/they + will + V1*
She/he/it + will + V1
I/you/we/they will play
She/he/it will play
(-) I/you/we/they + will + not + V1
She/he/it + will + not + V1
I/you/we/they will not play
She/he/it will not play
(?) Will + I/you/we/they + V1?
Will + she/he/it + V1?
– Yes, she/he/it + will
– No, she/he/it + will + not
Will I/you/we/they play?
Will she/he/it play?
– Yes, she/he/it will
– No, she/he/it won’t

* Shall terkadang digunakan untuk menggantikan will dalam kalimat positif dan interogatif, khususnya ketika subjek kalimat berupa I dan we.

I shall play
We shall play
Shall I play?
Shall we play?

Keterangan:

  1. Kalimat positif : semua subjek + will + V1
  2. Will + not = won’t

 


B. TANPA VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I/you/we/they + will + be + pel
She/he/it + will + be + pel
I/you/we/they will be amazed
She/he/it will be amazed
(-) I/you/we/they + will + not + be + pel
She/he/it + will + not + be + pel
I/you/we/they will not be amazed
She/he/it will not be amazed
(?) Will + I/you/we/they + be + pel?
Will + she/he/it + be + pel?
– Yes, she/he/it + will
– No, she/he/it + will + not
Will I/you/we/they be amazed?
Will she/he/it be amazed?
– Yes, she/he/it will
– No, she/he/it won’t

 


C. Fungsi Simple Future

  1. Untuk menyatakan prediksi di masa mendatang
    Contoh:

    Stars will appear tonight.
  2. Untuk menyatakan tindakan spontan
    Contoh:

    I’ll take the telephone downstairs.
  3. Untuk menyatakan keinginan/ kesediaan
    Contoh:

    My sister will take care of your pet.
  4. Untuk menyatakan perintah
    Contoh:

    You’ll obviously follow my instruction.
  5. Untuk mengundang seseorang (invitation)
    Contoh:

    Will you come to my graduation party?

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