SIMPLE PRESENT

A. DENGAN VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I/you/we/they + V1
She/he/it + V1-s/es
I/you/we/they swim
She/he/it swims
(-) I/you/we/they + do + not + V1
She/he/it + does + not + V1
I/you/we/they do not swim
She/he/it does not swim
(?) Do + I/you/we/they + V1?
Does + she/he/it + V1?
– Yes, she/he/it + do
– No, she/he/it + does + not
Do I/you/we/they swim?
Does she/he/it swim?
– Yes, she/he/it does
– No, she/he/it doesn’t

Keterangan:

  1. Pronoun “I” selalu ditulis dengan huruf kapital.
  2. Dalam kalimat positif, ketika subjek berupa she/he/it, verb perlu ditambah –s/es.
  3. Verb dengan akhiran ch, sh, s, x, z, o + ES

    watch = watches
    wash = washes
    miss = misses
    fix = fixes
    buzz = buzzes
    go = goes
  1. Verb dengan akhiran selain itu + S

    take = takes
    sit = sits
    play = plays
    read = reads
    call = calls
  1. Dalam kalimat negatif dan interogatif, semua verb kembali ke V1.
  2. Do + not = don’t
  3. Does + not = doesn’t

 


B. TANPA VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I + am + pelengkap*
You/we/they + are + pelengkap
She/he/it + is + pelengkap
I am fat
You/we/they are fat
She/he/it is fat
(-) I + am + not + pelengkap
You/we/they + are + not + pelengkap
She/he/it + is + not + pelengkap
I am not fat
You/we/they are not fat
She/he/it is not fat
(?) Am + I + pelengkap?
Are + you/we/they + pelengkap?
Is + she/he/it + pelengkap?
– Yes, she/he/it + is
– No, she/he/it + is + not
Am I fat?
Are you/we/they fat?
Is she/he/it fat?
– Yes, she/he/it is
– No, she/he/it isn’t

* Pelengkap : adj, noun, adv

Keterangan:

  1. Am + not = aren’t
  2. Is + not = isn’t
  3. Are + not = arent’t

 


C. FUNGSI SIMPLE PRESENT

  1. Untuk menyatakan kebiasaan
    every
    always
    usually
    regularly
    normally
    generally
    typically
    often
    frequently
    sometimes
    occasionally
    seldom
    rarely
    hardly ever
    barely
    ever

    never
    once a week
    twice a day
    three times a year

    Contoh:

    He always gets up at four.
  2. Untuk menyatakan kondisi atau keadaan (sekarang)
    have
    like
    dislike
    love
    hate
    remember
    forget
    believe

    Contoh:

    I still remember the day.
  3. Untuk menyatakan kebenaran umum
    Contoh:

    The earth is round.

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