PRESENT CONTINUOUS

A. DENGAN VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I + am + V-ing
You/we/they + are + V-ing
She/he/it + is + V-ing
I am sleeping
You/we/they are sleeping
She/he/it is sleeping
(-) I + am + not + V-ing
You/we/they + are + not + V-ing
She/he/it + is + not + V-ing
I am not sleeping
You/we/they are not sleeping
She/he/it is not sleeping
(?) Am + I + V-ing?
Are + you/we/they + V-ing?
Is + she/he/it + V-ing?
– Yes, she/he/it + is
– No, she/he/it + is + not
Am I thinking?
Are you/we/they sleeping?
Is she/he/it sleeping?
– Yes, she/he/it is
– No, she/he/it isn’t

Keterangan:
Verb dengan akhiran KVK (konsonan-vokal-konsonan)  : KVKK + ing

sit = sitting
swim = swimming
run = running
begin = beginning
cancel = cancelling

dig = digging

 


B. TANPA VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I + am + pelengkap
You/we/they + are + pelengkap
She/he/it + is + pelengkap
I am happy
You/we/they are happy
She/he/it is happy
(-) I + am + not + pelengkap
You/we/they + are + not + pelengkap
She/he/it + is + not + pelengkap
I am not happy
You/we/they are not happy
She/he/it is not happy
(?) Am + I + pelengkap?
Are + you/we/they + pelengkap?
Is + she/he/it + pelengkap?
– Yes, she/he/it + is
– No, she/he/it + is + not
Am I happy?
Are you/we/they happy?
Is she/he/it happy?
– Yes, she/he/it is
– No, she/he/it isn’t

Keterangan:
Present continuous tanpa verb mempunyai pola yang sama dengan simple present tanpa verb. Untuk membedakannya dapat dilihat dari sisi permanen dan temporarinya (sementara).

He is kindhearted. = sifat, permanen (simple present)
He is tired. =
kondisi, temporari (present continuous)

 


C. FUNGSI PRESENT CONTINUOUS

  1. Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang sedang terjadi saat ini
    now
    right now
    just now
    at the moment
    at the present
    temporarily
    currently

    Contoh:

    We are studying English now.
  1. Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang akan terjadi di masa mendatang (rencana)
    tomorrow
    tonight
    within/ in five minutes
    later
    next week/ month/ year

    this week/ month/ year

    Contoh:

    We are studying English next month. atau
    We are going to study English next month.

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout /  Ubah )

Foto Google

You are commenting using your Google account. Logout /  Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout /  Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout /  Ubah )

Connecting to %s