CONJUNCTION

Conjunction atau kata sambung adalah kata yang digunakan untuk menghubungkan sesuatu yang setara (kata dengan kata, frase dengan frase, klausa dengan klausa, kalimat dengan kalimat, dan seterusnya). Contoh:

You and I are on the same boat.
And
menghubungkan kata (you) dengan kata (I) atau subjek dengan subjek.
Is that your father or your uncle?
Or
menghubungkan frasa (your father) dan frase (your uncle) atau subjective complement dan subjective complement.
We went home after the rain stopped.
After
menghubungkan klausa (we went home) dan klause (the rain stopped) atau main clause dan sub cluase.
He is smart but he is arrogant.
But
menghubungkan kalimat (he is smart) dan kalimat (he is arrogant).

A. COMPOUND CONJUNCTIONS
Compound conjuction dalah kata sambung yang menghubungkan hal-hal yang setara, misalnya subject dengan subject, verb dengan verb, object dengan object, adverb dengan adverb, adjective dengan adjective, dsb.
Compound conjuction dibagi menjadi 2, antara lain:

  1. Coordinate Conjuction
    Anggota:

    F – A – N – B – O – Y – S

    Keterangan:

    For (karena)
    And (dan)
    Nor (tidak juga)
    But (tetapi)
    Or (atau)
    Yet (tetapi)
    So (sehingga)
    She was absent yesterday, for she was sick.
    Mr. Wilson invited me
    and him.
    He can not see
    nor hear.
    The shoes are old
    but comfortable.
    Is Sam sleeping
    or going somewhere?
    She didn’t study,
    yet she passed the exam.
    He was tired,
    so he went to bed.

    Catatan:
    a) FANBOYS selalu terletak di tengah kalimat atau di antara dua kalimat. Tidak dibenarkan meletakkan mereka di awal kalimat. Contoh:

    CORRECT     : The child hid behind his mother’s skirt, for he was afraid of the dog.
    INCORRECT : For he was afraid of the dog, the child hid behind his mother’s skirt.

    Namun conjuction lain bisa digunakan untuk menggantikannya ketika di awal kalimat. Contoh:

    Because he was afraid of the dog, the child hid behind his mother’s skirt.

    b) Conjuction for, yet, dan so selalu menghubungkan kalimat dan koma selalu mengawali mereka.
    c) And, ketika menghubungkan dua kalimat, memiliki tanda baca sebagai berikut:

    It was raining hard, and there was a strong wind.
    Umumnya, conjunction diawali dengan sebuah koma ketika menghubungkan dua kalimat.
    It was raining hard and there was a strong wind.
    Jika kalimat yang dihubungkan merupakan kalimat-kalimat pendek, koma dapat dihilangkan.
    It was raining hard. And there was a strong wind.
    Pada penulisan yang sifatnya informal, and dapat memulai sebuah kalimat baru.
  2. Correlative Conjuction
    Correlative conjuction terdiri dari konjungsi-konjungsi yang berpasangan.
    Anggota:

    Both… and…
    Not only… but also…
    Either… or…
    Neither… nor…

    Pola:

    Both SUBJECT and SUBJECT plural verb (are, were, have, do, take, etc)
    Not only
    Either
    Neither
    SUBJECT but also
    or
    nor
    SUBJECT plural/ singular verb (is, was, has, does, takes, etc)*

    * Plural dan singular-nya ditentukan dari subjek yang belakang.

    Contoh:

    Both the driver and the passager were injured in the accident.
    Not only she but also I am studying chemistry.
    Not only I but also she is studying chemistry.
    Either Mr. Anderson or Ms. Wiggins is going to teach our class today.
    Neither my sister nor my parents have been here.
    Neither my parents nor my sister has been here

B. COMPLEX CONJUNCTIONS
Complex conjunction adalah kata sambung yang menghubungkan antara main clause (induk kalimat) dan subordinate clause (anak kalimat). Bertemunya dua jenis klausa ini akan membentuk kalimat. Adapun anggota complex conjunction meliputi konjungsi selain compound conjuction, seperti: when, while, which, what, when, where, that, after, before, till, until, because, although, if, dsb. Pola:

Main Cl: S + V + (O) + (A)
Sub Cl: Conj + S + V + (O) + (A)
Sentence: Main Cl + Sub Cl atau Sub Cl + Main Cl

Contoh:

He was talking on the phone when I arrived.
We stayed there until we finished our work.
After she graduates, she will get a job.
I had left before he came.
He went to bed because he was sleepy.

 

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