Pengertian, Rumus, Fungsi, dan Contoh Past Continuous Tense

Past continuous tense, atau disebut juga sebagai past progressive tense, adalah salah satu dari tenses dalam bahasa Inggris yang paling sering digunakan. Hal ini karena tense ini merujuk pada masa lampu dan mengungkapkan segala kejadian yang sedang terjadi di dalamnya. Berikut akan dipaparkan pengertian, rumus, fungsi, dan contoh past continuous tense.

Pengertian Past Continuous Tense

Past continuous tense adalah bentuk tense yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian yang sedang berlangsung atau terjadi di masa lampau (past continuous). Sehingga apapun yang sedang kita lakukan saat itu dapat diungkapkan dengan tense ini. Demikian pula dengan keadaan atau kondisi kita, seperti:

She was watching TV at 7 last night.
When we arrived, he was having a bath..
I was on the way home.

Rumus Past Continuous Tense

Past continuous tense memiliki dua rumus. Yang pertama disebut verbal dan dipakai ketika terdapat verb (kata kerja), sementara yang kedua disebut nominal dan digunakan tatkala tidak terdapat verb. Sebagai gantinya, be (was, were) perlu ditambahkan di rumus kedua ini.

A. Dengan verb (verbal)

  Pola Contoh
(+) You/we/they + were + V-ing
I/she/he/it + was + V-ing
You/we/they were moving
I/she/he/it was moving
(-) You/we/they + were + not + V-ing
I/she/he/it + was + not + V-ing
You/we/they were not moving
I/she/he/it was not moving
(?) Were + you/we/they + V-ing?
Was + I/she/he/it + V-ing?
– Yes, I/she/he/it + were
– No, I/she/he/it + was + not
Were you/we/they moving?
Was I/she/he/it moving?
– Yes, I/she/he/it was
– No, I/she/he/it wasn’t

B. Tanpa verb (nominal)

  Pola Contoh
(+) You/we/they + were + pelengkap
I/she/he/it + was + pelengkap
You/we/they were well
I/she/he/it was well
(-) You/we/they + were + not + pelengkap
I/she/he/it + was + not + pelengkap
You/we/they were not well
I/she/he/it was not well
(?) Were + you/we/they + pelengkap?
Was + I/she/he/it + pelengkap?
– Yes, I/she/he/it + were
– No, I/she/he/it + was + not
Were you/we/they well?
Was I/she/he/it well?
– Yes, I/she/he/it was
– No, I/she/he/it wasn’t

Fungsi dan Contoh Past Continuous Tense

Secara garis besar, fungsi past continuous tense dalam bahasa Inggris adalah sebagai:

  1. Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang sedang terjadi di masa lampu

    Contoh:

    Last night at 6 PM, I was eating dinner.
    (Tadi malam jam 6, aku sedang makan malam.)
    At midnight, we were still driving through the desert.
    (Saat tengah malam, kami masih menyetir di tengah gurun.)
    Yesterday at this time, I was sitting at my desk at work.
    (Kemarin saat ini, saya sedang duduk di meja saya di kantor.)
  2. Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang terinterupsi oleh kejadian lain di masa lalu

    Past continuous = Kejadian 1 (terinterupsi)
    Simple past = Kejadian 2 (menginterupsi)

    Contoh:

    I was watching TV when she called.
    (Aku sedang menonton TV ketika dia menelpon.)
    When the phone rang, she was writing a letter.
    (Ketika telepon berdering, dia sedang menulis surat.)
    Sammy was waiting for us when we got off the plane.
    (Sammy sedang menunggu kami tatkala kami turun dari pesawat.)
  3. Pemakaian when dan while untuk menyatakan interupsi

    When = simple past
    While = past continuous

    Contoh:

    She called.
    (Dia menelepon.)
    I was studying.
    (Aku sedang belajar.)
    When she called, I was studying.*
    While I was studying, she called.
    I was studying when she called.**
    She called while I was studying.

    * Koma diperlukan jika konjungsi when dan while mengawali kalimat.
    ** Koma tidak dibutuhkan jika konjungsi when dan while hadir di tengah kalimat.


Daftar Materi di English Tenses

  1. SIMPLE PRESENT
  2. PRESENT CONTINUOUS
  3. PRESENT PERFECT
  4. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  5. SIMPLE PAST
  6. PAST CONTINUOUS
  7. PAST PERFECT
  8. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  9. SIMPLE FUTURE
  10. FUTURE CONTINUOUS
  11. FUTURE PERFECT
  12. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  13. SIMPLE PAST FUTURE
  14. PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS
  15. PAST FUTURE PERFECT
  16. PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS

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