PAST CONTINUOUS

A. DENGAN VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) You/we/they + were + V-ing
I/she/he/it + was + V-ing
You/we/they were moving
I/she/he/it was moving
(-) You/we/they + were + not + V-ing
I/she/he/it + was + not + V-ing
You/we/they were not moving
I/she/he/it was not moving
(?) Were + you/we/they + V-ing?
Was + I/she/he/it + V-ing?
– Yes, I/she/he/it + were
– No, I/she/he/it + was + not
Were you/we/they moving?
Was I/she/he/it moving?
– Yes, I/she/he/it was
– No, I/she/he/it wasn’t

 


B. TANPA VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) You/we/they + were + pelengkap
I/she/he/it + was + pelengkap
You/we/they were well
I/she/he/it was well
(-) You/we/they + were + not + pelengkap
I/she/he/it + was + not + pelengkap
You/we/they were not well
I/she/he/it was not well
(?) Were + you/we/they + pelengkap?
Was + I/she/he/it + pelengkap?
– Yes, I/she/he/it + were
– No, I/she/he/it + was + not
Were you/we/they well?
Was I/she/he/it well?
– Yes, I/she/he/it was
– No, I/she/he/it wasn’t

 


C. FUNGSI PAST CONTINUOUS

  1. Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang sedang terjadi di masa lampu
    Contoh:

    Last night at 6 PM, I was eating dinner.
    At midnight, we were still driving through the desert.
    Yesterday at this time, I was sitting at my desk at work.
  2. Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang terinterupsi oleh kejadian lain di masa lalu

    Past continuous = Kejadian 1 (terinterupsi)
    Simple past = Kejadian 2 (menginterupsi)

    Contoh:

    I was watching TV when she called.
    When the phone rang, she was writing a letter.
    Sammy was waiting for us when we got off the plane
  1. Pemakaian when dan while untuk menyatakan interupsi
    When = simple past
    While = past continuous

    Contoh:

    She called. I was studying.
    When she called, I was studying.*
    While I was studying, she called.
    I was studying when she called.**
    She called while I was studying.

    * Koma diperlukan jika konjungsi when dan while mengawali kalimat.
    ** Koma tidak dibutuhkan jika konjungsi when dan while hadir di tengah kalimat.

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