PARALLEL STRUCTURES

A. DEFINISI

Parallel structures adalah struktur paralel yang terjadi dalam bagian-bagian kalimat, seperti subjek, verb, pelengkap, objek, adverb.

 

B. POLA

  • Subjek
Both SUBJECT and SUBJECT VERB plural (are, were, have, do, take, etc)
Not only SUBJECT but also SUBJECT VERB plural/ singular (is, was, has, does, takes, etc)*
Either or
Neither nor**

*Plural–singularnya ditentukan dari subjek yang belakang.
**Neither … nor … digunakan untuk kalimat negatif.

Contoh:

  1. John is in the classroom.
    Jack is in the classroom.
    Both John and ack are in the classroom.
    Not only John but also Jack is in the classroom.
    Either John or Jack is in the classroom.
  2. John is not in the classroom.
    Jack is not in the classroom.
    Neither John nor Jack is in the classroom.
  • Verb
SUBJECT Both VERB and VERB
Not only but also
Either or
Neither nor

Contoh:

  1. Robert is reading a novel.
    Robert is listening to music.
    Robert is both reading a novel and listening to music.
    Robert is not only reading a novel but also listening to music.
    Robert is either reading a novel or listening to music.
  2. Robert is not reading a novel.
    Robert is not listening to music.
    Robert is neither reading a novel nor listening to music.
  • Pelengkap
SUBJECT VERB Both COMPLEMENT and COMPLEMENT
Not only but also
Either or
Neither nor

Contoh:

  1. She is beautiful.
    She is intelligent.
    She is both beautiful and intelligent.
    She is not only beautiful but also intelligent.
    She is either beautiful or intelligent.
  2. She is not beautiful.
    She is not intelligent.
    She is neither beautiful nor intelligent.
  •  Objek
SUBJECT + VERB Both OBJECT and OBJECT
Not only but also
Either or
Neither nor

Contoh:

  1. The student speaks Spanish.
    The student speaks English.
    The student speaks both Spanish and English.
    The student speaks not only Spanish but also English.
    The student speaks either Spanish or English.
  2. The student doesn’t speak Spanish.
    The student doesn’t speak English.
    The student speaks neither Spanish nor English.
  • Adverb
SUBJECT + VERB + (OBJECT) Both ADVERB and ADVERB
Not only but also
Either or
Neither nor

Contoh:

  1. He worked quickly.
    He works accurately.
    He worked both quickly and accurately.
    He worked not only quickly but also accurately.
    He worked either quickly or accurately.
  2. He didn’t work quickly.
    He didn’t work accurately.
    He worked neither quickly nor accurately.

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