PAST PERFECT

A. DENGAN VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I/you/we/they + had + V3
She/he/it + had + V3
I/you/we/they had left
She/he/it had left
(-) I/you/we/they + had + not + V3
She/he/it + had + not + V3
I/you/we/they had not left
She/he/it had not left
(?) Had + I/you/we/they + V3?
Had + she/he/it + V3?
– Yes, she/he/it + had
– No, she/he/it + had + not
Had I/you/we/they left?
Had she/he/it left?
– Yes, she/he/it had
– No, she/he/it hadn’t

Keterangan:

  1. Semua subjek + had + V3
  2. had + not = hadn’t

 


B. TANPA VERB (KATA KERJA)

  Pola Contoh
(+) I/you/we/they + had + been + pel
She/he/it + had + been + pel
I/you/we/they had been there
She/he/it had been there
(-) I/you/we/they + had + been + pel
She/he/it + had + been + pel
I/you/we/they had not been there
She/he/it had not been there
(?) Had + I/you/we/they + been + pel?
Had + she/he/it + been + pel?
– Yes, she/he/it + had
– No, she/he/it + had + not
Had I/you/we/they been there?
Had she/he/it been there?
– Yes, she/he/it had
– No, she/he/it hadn’t

 


C. FUNGSI PAST PERFECT

  1. Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang lebih lampau daripada simple present
    Past perfect = Kejadian 1
    Simple past = Kejadian 2

    Contoh:

    Kejadian 1 Kejadian 2
    After the girl had missed the bus, she took a taxi to go to work.
    He had made an appointment with them before he came.
    Because I had lost my wallet, I did not have any money left.
  1. Setelah kata which/that (yang)
    Contoh:

    We gave away the flowers that we had picked.
    Wendy sent the letter which she had written.

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