WORDS

Words (kata), dalam bahasa Inggris, dikelompokkan menjadi delapan, seperti yang telah dipaparkan pada bagian PARTS OF SPEECH. Pembagian ini secara ringkas dapat disajikan seperti berikut.

NOUN
(kata benda)
Dog, cat, mount, river, fire, water, John, New York, idea, mind, …
PRONOUN
(kata ganti)
They, she, him, her, ours, yours, myself, themselves, this, those, another, …
ADJECTIVE
(kata sifat)
Beautiful, powerful, childish, greenish, creative, effective, cloudy, big, superb, …
VERB
(kata kerja)
Walk, run, stand, jump, forget, believe, have, like, think, consider, estimate, …
ADVERB
(kata keterangan)
Quickly, loudly, expressively, impressively, fast, well, before, ever, always, inside, …
CONJUCTION
(kata sambung)
Because, although, as if, and, or, but, so, when, while, that, who, whom, …
PREPOSITION
(kata depan)
In, on, at, among, between, amid, beyond, beside, next to, in front of, out of, …
INTERJECTION
(kata seru)
Ouch!, Bravo!, Oh no!, Hurry up!, well, hey! OMG!, …

Adapun ciri-ciri beberapa kelas kata biasa ditandai dengan imbuhan tertentu berupa prefix (awalan) dan suffix (akhiran):

KELAS KATA PREFIX SUFFIX CONTOH
NOUN tion, sion, action addition, permission, fraction
  al, se, ment, iture, ance refusal, expense, payment, discomfiture, acceptance
  er, ier, or, ant, ent, ar teacher, clothier, calculator, applicant, expedient, scholar
  ard, art, ary drunkard, braggart, notary
  ee, eer, ess lagetee, autioneer, tigress
  ic, ist, ite, yte academic, sadist, brooklynite, acolyte
  ness, cy, ity goodness, effeciency, ability
  hood, ship, age, ism, dom manhood, partership, marriage, nationalism, freedom
ADJECTIVE full, less, ous, ent, y hopeful, endless, dangerous, efficient, cloudy
  al, ic, ish, ary, ory, ed, ing, an practical, artistic, childish, imaginary, hortatory, connected, interesting
  able, ible, ive, ile readable, sensible, protective, fertile
ADVERB ly, wise, ward angrily, clockwise, outward
VERB ize, ate memorize, differentiate
  fy, en justify, brighten
  en, in, a endanger, inforce, assure