ADVERB CLAUSES

A. DEFINISI

Adverb clause adalah klausa yang difungsikan sebagai adverb dan digunakan untuk menjelaskan verb, adjective, adverb, dan bahkan sentence. Contoh:

I will go later. (adverb)
I will go after you go. (adverb clause)
Baik later maupun after you go menjelaskan verb go.

B. JENIS

  • Time

    after (setelah)
    as (ketika, sementara)
    as soon as (segera setelah)
    before (sebelum)
    once (segera setelah)
    since (sejak)
    until/till (sampai)
    when (ketika)
    whenever (kapan saja, sewaktu-waktu)
    while (ketika, sementara)

    Contoh:

    When my dad arrived home, I was watching TV
    You can answer the questions once you understand the concept
  •  Place

    where (di mana)
    wherever (di manapun)

    Contoh:

    She will live where(ver) her husband lives
    Jack will take it with him wherever he goes
  • Contrast

    although, though, even though, even if (meskipun)
    whereas (sebaliknya, sedangkan)
    while (meskipun)
    even if (kalaupun)

    Contoh:

    He wants to go, while she hopes to stay any longer
    Although he was upset, he gave them a smile
  • Cause and Result

    cause result
    as (karena)
    because (karena)
    since (karena)
    so (sehingga)

    Contoh:

    Because his visa is about to end, he has to extend it very soon
    His visa is about to end, so he has to extend it very soon
  • Purpose

    in order that (agar, supaya)
    in the hope that (agar, supaya)
    so (agar, supaya)
    so that (agar, supaya)
    so as (agar, supaya)

    Contoh:

    Carl took a cab so that he could reach the office before seven
    I will finish my thesis in August, so I can take vacation in September
  • Condition

    as long as (dengan syarat)
    if (jika, dengan syarat)
    only if (hanya jika)
    otherwise (jika tidak)
    or else (jika tidak)
    provided/ providing (that) (jika, dengan syarat)
    supposing (asumsikan, anggap)
    unless (jika tidak)

    Contoh:

    He’ll help you only if you ask him politely
    As long as you don’t violate the rules, everything will be okay
  • Manner
    as if (seperti)
    as though (seperti)
    how (bagaimana)
    the way (cara)

    Contoh:

    Your son speaks the way you do
    She shops as if she had much money